Quick Answer: What Are The Six Main Functional Groups?

Is alcohol a functional group?

An alcohol is an organic compound with a hydroxyl (OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom.

Because OH is the functional group of all alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the general formula ROH, where R is an alkyl group.

Alcohols are common in nature..

Which functional group does not contain oxygen?

The functional group that does not contain an oxygen atom is e.

Is alkyne a functional group?

Alkynes are organic molecules made of the functional group carbon-carbon triple bonds and are written in the empirical formula of CnH2n−2. They are unsaturated hydrocarbons.

What does R mean in functional groups?

R group: An abbreviation for any group in which a carbon or hydrogen atom is attached to the rest of the molecule. … R is an abbreviation for radical, when the term radical applied to a portion of a complete molecule (not necessarily a free radical), such as a methyl group.

What is functional group example?

Functional groups are specific atoms, ions, or groups of atoms having consistent properties. A functional group makes up part of a larger molecule. For example, -OH, the hydroxyl group that characterizes alcohols, is an oxygen with a hydrogen attached. It could be found on any number of different molecules.

What are the 8 functional groups?

Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules are shown above; they include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl (R-S-H). These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

What is a functional group Class 10?

An atom or a group of atoms present in the molecules, which determines the characteristics property of the organic compounds, is called the functional group.

Which functional group has highest priority?

Carboxylic AcidsAccording to IUPAC convention, Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives have the highest priority then carbonyls then alcohols, amines, alkenes, alkynes, and alkanes, so in this case the Carboxylic acid group has the highest priority and therefore makes up the name of the base compound.

What is C double bond called?

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C=O. It is common to several classes of organic compounds, as part of many larger functional groups. A compound containing a carbonyl group is often referred to as a carbonyl compound.

What is the most basic functional group?

In organic chemistry, the most common functional groups are carbonyls (C=O), alcohols (-OH), carboxylic acids (CO2H), esters (CO2R), and amines (NH2). It is important to be able to recognize the functional groups and the physical and chemical properties that they afford compounds.

What are the 10 functional groups?

Examples of functional groups include the hydroxyl group, ketone group, amine group, and ether group.Hydroxyl Functional Group. … Aldehyde Functional Group. … Ketone Functional Group. … Amine Functional Group. … Amino Functional Group. … Amide Functional Group. … Ether Functional Group. … Ester Functional Group.More items…•

Is a ring a functional group?

The additional functional group that contains only carbon and hydrogen is an aromatic ring which is a six-carbon ring with alternative double bonds. The aromatic ring is also shown as a ring with a circle in the middle representing the double bonds. … 2: Aromatic rings contain alternating double bonds.

What are the four functional groups?

Each type of organic molecule has its own specific type of functional group. Functional groups in biological molecules play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

What are the 7 functional groups?

Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl groups. These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

How many types of functional groups are there?

four typesLocation of Functional Groups Each of the four types of macromolecules—proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids—has its own characteristic set of functional groups that contributes greatly to its differing chemical properties and its function in living organisms.