What Are The 4 Types Of Commas?

How do you fix a comma splice?

The simplest way to fix a comma splice is to separate the two improperly joined sentences.

Simply replace the comma with a period.

The two sentences may sound a bit abrupt placed one after the other, but at least they will be grammatical: I completed my essay..

What are the 4 comma rules?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

Where do you put a comma?

Extended Rules for Using CommasUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

What does a comma splice mean?

In English grammar, a comma splice or comma fault is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark. The comma splice is sometimes used in literary writing to convey a particular mood of informality.

Do you put a comma after a name?

Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word(s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. It is incorrect to place only one comma before the name or title. Incorrect: My friend, Jane has a lot more gardening experience than I do.

Does today need a comma?

When I first started learning about punctuation, I found out that you should always have commas after words such as “today,” “sometimes,” “yesterday,” and so on. … If it’s being used as a conjunction, then go ahead and use a comma. For example: “Someday, I’d like to go on a cruise.” — This is incorrect.

How do you avoid a comma splice?

Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and FragmentsOPTION 1:Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction.OPTION 2: Use a semicolon.OPTION 3: Use a semicolon, transition word, and comma.OPTION 1: Use a subordinating conjunction after the independent clause.More items…

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.

Which is or that is?

In a defining clause, use that. In non-defining clauses, use which. Remember, which is as disposable as a sandwich bag. If you can remove the clause without destroying the meaning of the sentence, the clause is nonessential and you can use which.

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.

What are full stops?

The full stop (Commonwealth English), period (North American English) or full point . is a punctuation mark. It is used for several purposes, most often to mark the end of a declarative sentence (as opposed to a question or exclamation); this sentence-terminal use, alone, defines the strictest sense of full stop.

What are the 7 comma rules?

7 comma rules every writer should knowYou can only connect two complete sentences with a comma if there’s a coordinating conjunction (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So or FANBOYS), between them.Use a comma to link an incomplete sentence with a complete sentence.Use the Oxford comma.Use a comma between two coordinate adjectives that describe the same noun.More items…•

What are the 10 comma rules?

10 Comma RulesA comma comes before a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) when both are independent clauses. … A comma comes after an adverb clause only at the beginning of a sentence—not at the end. … A comma comes after a conjunctive adverb that follows a semicolon. … A comma coming after an introductory element.More items…•

What are the 12 comma rules?

ShareUse a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma). … Use a comma to join independent clauses. … Use a comma to join a dependent clause and an independent clause. … Use a comma following an introductory word group. … Use a comma to interrupt a sentence or to provide additional information.More items…

Does a comma go after thank you?

If you include someone’s name after “thank you,” you should insert a comma after “thank you” to separate the statement from the name of the person being addressed. If there is more to the sentence, use another comma after the name to separate it from the rest of the sentence.

Can you use and twice in a sentence?

You certainly can use “and” more than once in a sentence, but in this case I would consider rewording it somehow instead. I would definitely not use an ampersand. Actually, I think removing the second “and” would make the meaning much clearer. Try: “I like chocolate, vanilla and lemon-orange ice cream.”

Can I use a semicolon before and?

When a conjunction (words like “and,” “but,” and “or”) is used to merge two independent clauses into one sentence, it is possible to use a semicolon before the conjunction to outrank any commas in the clauses.